The power of white supremacy and colonialism in “post-liberation” societies: The case of South Africa

By Sam Ditshego

Not yet Uhuru, not yet Azania: Reflection on South Africa’s Rainbow Myth through the Lens of Pan Africanism and Black Consciousness. Sam Ditshego’s presentation at Unisa’s Spring Law Conference. 


South Africa, a white supremacist or racist country was under colonial rule for almost four centuries. Oppression engenders resistance. Naturally wars of resistance by the indigenous African people ensued from the advent of European invasion of Azania culminating in the formation of liberation movements. They are the African National Congress (ANC) of 1957, Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (PAC) in 1959 and the Black Consciousness Movement (BCM) in the late 1960’s. In the early 1990’s an impression was created that white rulers were prepared to relinquish power voluntarily and hand it over to the African people and establish a democratic country. The handing over of power was preceded by negotiations brokered by imperialist powers, the Conference for a Democratic South Africa (Codesa). The apartheid government preferred the ANC to the other organisations. Some ANC leaders had held secret negotiations with officials of the white supremacist or apartheid government and captains of industry. The deals, including the constitution, were clinched in secret and were a fait accompli, Codesa was used to rubber stamp agreements that were clinched in secret. The Constitution of South Africa of 1996 does not have clauses from the models of ancient African constitutions. It was not adopted the way a constitution should be. The paper’s contention is no regime in history that is known to have relinquished power voluntarily without having been forced to do so. White supremacy has been described as an historically based, institutionally perpetuated system of exploitation and oppression of continents, nations and peoples of colour by white peoples and nations of the European continent; for the purpose of maintaining and defending a system of wealth, power and privilege. SA’s education system socialises students, it does not train them to think critically, hence the myth of the rainbow nation. The philosophy of education, not only the curriculum, must change.

Here is the full presentation Unisa 2018 Law Spring Session Presentation by Sam Ditshego (1)

Show More

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.