The Destiny Of The Coloured People Is Tied To That Of Their African Compatriots

By Greg Mashaba

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Way back in the late 1960s and early 1970s one of the highlights of our regular visits to our maternal grandmother in Rockville, Soweto, was going to the cinema in Kliptown. We used to walk on foot, passing through a predominantly coloured area in Kliptown before reaching the cinema. Although we generally never encountered problems one racial incident remains deeply etched in my memory to this day. As we were walking past one residence, the dogs started barking at us. Before we could even react, a young girl of mixed race, that is the race that is commonly referred to as “coloured” in South Africa, started swearing at us in Afrikaans:

“Kyk wat het julle vokken kaffirs! Julle het ons honed laat skrik om deur te staap en nou blaf hulle en lawaai maak! Voetsek!“

Since my I am not as well conversant as others in Afrikaans , I sought the assistance of my cousin Aloysius who helped me to write the above quotation and the corresponding English interpretation thereof as follows :

“See what you have done you fucken Kaffirs! You startled our dogs by walking through our area and now they are all barking and making noise ! Voestek! “

We were quite naturally deeply hurt. I was personally not angry but felt deeply insulted and humiliated. Apart from the hurt and humiliation suffered I was also deeply confused by the attitude of this young girl more so because she was in my view much darker than myself my brothers , and cousins. Anywhere else she would have been readily identified not only as being black but also very much African.

Phone pics 109

Greg Mashaba’s gogo Lydia Bandes (born Molokwane) 

Years later when I related this incident to my parents, my mother told me of an incident way back in the late 1940s wherein my late grandmother, Lydia Bandes (born Molokwane) embarrassed one of their neighbours who had made disparaging and racist remarks about Africans, referring to them as “kaffirs”. My grandmother’s friend was apparently much darker than my mother and grandmother, whose photo I have decided to attach herein. Incensed about her friend’s racial attitude, my grandmother challenged her friend to stand by her side so that others could decide which one of them was much darker and therefore a “kaffir”.

Despite the colour of her skin and her facial features, my grandmother steadfastly refused to have herself classified as coloured even after the coming into effect in 1950 of the Population Registration Act. She always regarded herself as an African and, in terms of ethnicity, as a MoTswana. Indeed she only spoke SeTswana and battled to express herself in any other language. When the Group Areas Act came into effect, my mother’s family were forcefully removed from Sophiatown and moved in trucks to present-day Westbury. After a few years grandma felt that she could not live in Westbury and relocated to Rockville, in defiance of apartheid segregation legislation. It was there that she eventually passed away on 21st October 2000.

Although in post Apartheid South Africa we tend to sweep under the carpet such issues of racial bigotry between those classified as coloured and those classified as African, the issue itself remains very much alive and is perpetuated by ignorant and politically backward compatriots on both side of the racial divide. A close family friend who studied law at the University of Cape Town tells me that he tried on a couple of occasions to solicit the companionship of coloured girls in Cape Town. On both occasions he was told to “….go to your nation!”. In similar vein, I have heard some of our African compatriots making very racist remarks about our coloured brothers and sisters. Common among these are such racist remarks : “…they are criminals!….drug addicts and alcoholics!..” The tragedy of the gang-violence , especially that occurring with sickening regularity in the crime infested coloured townships in the Western Cape only serves to reinforce this crude racist stereotype: “What do you expect of them; ngama boesman lezinto!” is the common insult which is spat out even by those among us who believe that they are more enlightened than others. For us in South Africa to refer to someone as either a “boesman” (ie “bushman “), “kaffir”, or “iKula “ (ie “coolie “ ) is as offensive as referring to an African-American in the United States as a “nigger”. It is criminal , racist and readily betrays the political backwardness of the person making such a statement.

The issue of the coloured people and the attendant racial tensions which cloud the very beautiful history and culture of these compatriots, together with their heroic role in the history of our national liberation struggle have received very little attention even from within the ranks of intellectuals in our liberation movement. This failure to fully appreciate the place of the coloured people in our liberation struggle and their massive contribution to the building of a united democratic South Africa has served to alienate politically and socially large sections of our coloured communities from their African and Indian compatriots, together with whom they form the majority of the Black masses who were previously subjected to apartheid humiliation and oppression .

The racial incident at Klipspruit High School whereby coloured members of the local community refused to accept the appointment of an African principal because the school was in a coloured area speak to the issue of the political and racial estrangement of our coloured people from their fellow black compatriots, in this case the African community. A similar incident took place in the Roodeport area last year and it took considerable effort on the part of government to resolve it. If not properly addressed, this issue will continue to fester and will set our noble goal of building a united and democratic South Africa backwards. It Is important that our coloured compatriots realise the futility of their attempt to establish racial enclaves irrespective of how much they feel marginalised in post-apartheid South Africa.

The primary organ of national liberation and the leader of society, the African National Congress, together with progressive formations within the coloured community, is seized with the responsibility of playing a leading role in fostering a much broader understanding of the role of the coloured people in the National Democratic Revolution and the building of a new South African nation. A starting point in this political process is the need to make both our African and coloured people appreciate the fact that they have a common political identity and destiny. Those within the ANC who are experts in what is called the “national question” must also take the lead in addressing this situation by looking into the issue of our coloured brothers and sisters from within the context of this political theory. In the old days of the liberation struggle I would have looked in the direction of some of our pre-eminent experts on this subject, namely the late comrades Joe Slovo and Mzala Nxumalo. Cde Pallo Jordan brilliantly captures the basic tenet of the national question in the pages of the book on the subject to which I refer to herein . He states that the national question “..has been centred on three sets of problems: those of national oppression (of minorities and majorities) within a single political unit; of colonial oppression; and of the unification of the disparate sections of potential nations ..” ( p110 )

We are fortunate that we still have within the ranks of our organisation brilliant theorists on this topic like comrades Essop Pahad and Pallo Jordan.The former wrote back in 1988 a brilliant article on “South African Indians as National Minority in The National Question“ “ The National Question in South Africa“, M van Diepen (ed), Zed Books, London.

Time and space prohibit me from writing at length about his thesis of the Indian situation as a minority in South Africa. Suffice to state that he draws the conclusion that any attempt by our Indian compatriots to seek their rights in isolation from those of their African compatriots leads to “…a cul de sac since the democratic rights and welfare of the Indian people and the white community can best be defended in a country free from the scourge and evil of racism, national oppression and class exploitation “ (p95).

Our coloured compatriots would do well to understand this political reality. To do otherwise would not only serve to deepen their political and social isolation, but it will serve the interests of those who seek to undermine our collective quest to create a democratic , non-racial and non-sexist South Africa.

Greg Alexander Mashaba Is An Additional Bec Member Of The Anc Branch , Ward 23 , Ekurhuleni. He Writes In His Personal Capacity.

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  1. South Africans generally suffer mental colonisation caused by Apartheid. Whereby, some Africans(blacks) still walk around feeling inferior, some Caucasians(whites) still walk around feeling superior, and some Coloureds and Indians walk around feeling like the “odd middle” a little inferior to whites and little superior than blacks, but with the flexibility to switch any side, depending on whose got the power.
    We need an active Broad-Based Mental Freedom programme initiated by Government with the support from civil society, similar to Broad-Based Economic Empowerment. If we can do it on an economic scale, why not on a personal scale. I think we need to move toward a place where we regard our psychological empowerment as just as, if not more important than our economic or financial empowerment.

  2. Hawu Feli ! Great reading your comment all the way in London . Yes kunzima eMzansi sisi. But we dare not give up . Please do spread the gospel of Uncensored Opinion to all your contacts in London.

  3. Interesting reading in many respects, much had been learnt from the article and comments. I would however want to raise an extremely important point being a coloured myself. South African history and colononisation over the years has divided various cultures and ethnic groups. In my humble opinion the article seeks to highlight the strong divides in our country. I have also experienced humiliating experiences from many South African irrespective of race, colour or creed. Honestly I’m of the opinion its our responsibilities as South Africans to correct this injustices and racial divide of the past. How its achieved I have no idea but one this is certain we all suffer one way or another because of our divided past.

  4. I was hoping that someone else would respond to Mabelle’s comment above. Although it is written in such a manner that I personally find it difficult to understand the gist of his arguement. What I find disturbing however is the call to “…Please attack the devil such as Nigerians..” Cde Mabelle , the point which I seek to make in my article is precisely that those who find people of other races and cultures to be not worthy of human dignity and respect are politically and socially backward. Simply put , they are deprave. Please show decency by unconditionally withdrawing your xenophobic remark. There is no place for such views on this platform .

    1. I’m often too busy to read through all the comments. Didn’t pick up that one. I have assisted Mabelle by simply removing his comment. I generally dont like to censor people’s views but we cant also promote hatred for others.

  5. Great seeing your comment here Cde Mike!!! Thanks for bringing this platform to the attention of our comrades in Bela Bela!!!!

  6. Coloured people mostly identify themselves with the Khoisan. The notion that the Khoisan is one race is not true. The San entered the most southern part of Africa first in the early stone age followed later by the Khoi-khoi. It was the Khoi that called themselves Khoi-khoi meaning men amougst men. War between the Khoi and San as well as social interaction took place in the middle stone age. During late stone age these groups were so much integrated that one could hardly tell the difference. When the Dutch people came to establish their settlement their meet with this intergrated group and call them bosjemans later boesmans. They also refer to them as hottentots. Two khoi-boer wars and two epidemic that broke out amoungst the Khoi see them submit to white domination. The had been teach western culture and languages. Suffered much abuse and ill-treatment whilest being enslaved. Late iron age blacks met with the fleeing Voortrekkers during eastern and northern frontiers. During these engagements the Khoi people as slaves of the whites sees the blacks that suffered later the same fate as theirs through the eyes of their white masters. No wonder the generations to follow who become coloured people acted in general in the same way against blacks with notable few exceptions. It was only during the liberation struggle that coloureds in general start to embrace blacks as brothers and many stayed their white masters. Even today many coloureds would rather except white leaders who they through cultural links trust more than black leaders. In Western Cape it is evident that coloureds will stick to their cultural guns even when they get worse treatment then whites. Even when service delivery is more worse to them than to whites. I believe that only when they see and understand the fight for radical economical transformation. Only when they understand economical enslavement and the remedy which is inclusive economical growth and economical liberation. Then the understanding of all are brothers in South Africa will be understood in the context of the freedom chater.

  7. Cde Greg,you are really an asset.Your contribution is indeed recognised.

    May the soul of gogo Lydia and souls of all departed through the mercy of God rest in peace. Amen.

    We also wish others to emulate the good practice from you.

    Many thanks

  8. What a brilliant piece. The prejudiced/nationalist tendencies have reared its ugly head in the coloured community. The DA has been brilliantly exploiting racial tension, and lack of resources in the coloured community.With corporate backing , the DA claimed BEE was “not favoring the coloured community”, attacking the ANC for service delivery(yet DA rules in these areas). The sustained effort resulted in major gains for DA in these coloured areas. The same tried and tested divisive strategies was expanded to the ethic African community in 2016 local elections. Of course the DA has proven it does not care for Black communities.Ironically the coloured community is more neglected in areas where they voted DA, than ANC. But there is hope. The Northern Cape, with its coloured majority always voted ANC. Substantial support in the Eastern Cape and Western Cape Lingers.Not that the ANC has impressed in these regions, but its votes remains a yard-stick. I have detected slight shifts in WC, with DA failures..and opportunities exist to cement Black Unity. A WC win will galvanize the RET project. We need to strengthen the progressive forces in these regions. Gauteng coloured communities have traditionally been weak. It is here where substantial hard work is needed. Factions in Gauteng ANC did not help matters much. But we should remain resolute and never give u. Black Unity our only solution.

    1. When I read this piece, you and Gayton McKenzie are the two people I thought about. It’s interesting that a person on Twitter also mentioned DA’s exploitation of the racial tension.

  9. I’m constantly moved by the beauty of your writing skills and intellect dear Cde Greg. If there’s one thing I treasure about this platform it is the contributions made by our comrade writers and readers in educating us about ourselves and others. This is a refreshing piece away from the normal rawness of politics today and the succession debate. It is a beautiful tribute to Gogo Lydia and let me just say what a stunner she is. I cant imagine how small those who denigrated Africans felt standing next to her. Much appreciated

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